Contingency Planning: there is no one best way

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There is no one-best-way

After the Second World War the managerial formalism was still the dominant view of organization and management. The previous management theories which were dominating the view of the organizations and management that created by the classical management theorists, such as Weber 's bureaucracy and Taylor 's scientific management.

Frederick Taylor, Industrial Engineer and the American classical theorist, who has coined the scientific management term. Taylor was refereeing to the study of work processes for the purpose of reducing time, maximizing the productivity of labor and minimizing all unnecessary movements. Taylor believes that “In a capitalist economy is that agreement can only be achieved through the
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Woodward stated “different technologies imposed different kinds of demands, and these demands had to meet through an appropriate structure. Commercially successful firms seemed to be those in which function and form were complementary.” Source: Woodward, J., (1958): Management and Technology. London: Her Majesty’s Stationary Office.

In the 1960s several scholars, most notably Frederick Fiedler, argued that effective leadership style depended on situational contingencies, such as the nature of the task-specifically, how certain or uncertain it was. But agreement ended there, as researchers and scholars failed to reach a consensus on what leaders ' primary tasks were or in which contingency factors influenced those the most. Source: Harvard Business Review Press Chapters, Jan 26, 2010, by Jay W. Lorsch.

James Thompson (1967) said “the main function of organization, he said, is to routinize the achievement of collective tasks, thereby making it easy, cheap and unproblematic to achieve the organization’s goals.”

The contingency thinking combines ideas about uncertainty in the environment and external factors influencing work with context-specific features of leadership and decision-making. The contingency thinking theory points to various managerial practices, styles, techniques, and functions will vary according to the particular circumstances of the situation.

Nonetheless, facing the intense and increasing uncertainty while managing organizations, it

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