Essay on Contingency Theory of Leadership

616 WordsMar 17, 20073 Pages
Contingency Theory of Leadership The most popular and extensively researched situational theory of leadership was first proposed by Fred Piedler during the 1960s. Fiedler's model claims that group performance depends on the interaction of the leader style and the favorableness of the situation. Fiedlers major contributions consist of(l) iden-tifying the leadership orientation of the leader and developing a way to measure it, and (2) identifying three situational factors influencing leadership and developing a method of measuring them Leader orientation. Fiedler's definition of the leader's orientation emerged largely from earlier studies in which leaders were classified as either relation-ship-oriented or task-oriented.…show more content…
A high LPC leader is more considerate, more human relations oriented, more participative, and more sensitive to the feelings of others. Situational favorableness. Fiedler's model claims that whether a high LPC leader or low LPC leader will be more effective depends upon the favorableness of the situation. In some situations, a high LPC leader is most effective, while a unenthusiastic low LPC leader is more effective in other situations. Fiedler claimed that the favorableness of the situation is determined by three variables: (1) whether the relationships between the leader and the members are good or poor. (2) whether the task is relatively structured or unstructured, and (3) whether the power position of the leader is relatively strong or weak. In studies testing the model, Fiedler and his colleagues developed instru-ments to measure each of these three situational variables." Of the three situa-tional
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