Continuing Corruption in Mali

540 WordsFeb 25, 20182 Pages
Mali was a part of West African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade: the Mali Empire, the Songhai Empire, and the Ghana Empire. At its climax in 1300, Mali was a large area about twice the size of France, and was doing great by itself. In the end of the nineteenth century, during the Partition for Africa, France got control of Mali, making it a part of French Sudan and becoming a colony. French Sudan joined with Senegal in 1959, getting its independence in 1960 as the Mali Federation. After a long phase of one-party rule, a 1991 coup led to a new constitution and the establishment of Mali as a democratic state. Mali has been a corrupt country and was not guided into the right direction, which cause many dictators and conflicts to arise. In spite of many political programs against corruption demonstrated by a series of organization, Mali continues to descend into corruption as shown by its World Bank Governance and Corruption Perceptions Index. Children in Mali, as little as 13 years of age, are being recruited as soldiers by armed groups or suspected of links with them, are being held and detained by the forces of Mali along with adults, where they say they’ve been tortured. Gaëtan Mootoo, Mali Researcher at Amnesty International said “Under international law, children should be detained separately from adults, and Malian law also prohibits detaining them with adults. The Malian authorities should give notice to the UNICEF when arresting children suspected of
Open Document