Contribution of Psychology and Social Psychology to the Study of Health and Welfare Issues

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Contribution of Psychology and Social Psychology to the Study of Health and Welfare Issues

In this assignment I will be comparing and contrasting two psychological

approaches demonstrating their relevance to understanding a health issue.

The issue that I will be applying the two psychological approaches to is

Smoking.

The psycho dynamic approach denotes the active forces within the

personality that motivate behaviour, and the inner causes of behaviour, in

particular the unconscious conflict between the different structures that

compose the whole personality.

There are a lot of factors that contribute to why people behave in a certain

way and why people
…show more content…
These

conflicts are accompanied by anxiety and result from interactions between

the different personality structures named the ego, the id and the super

ego. The id is concerned with the gratification of basic biological instincts

and the pleasure principle, the ego is manifested as consciousness and the

reality principle. The super ego constituted moral conscience and idealistic

striving. The development of an individuals personality structures arises as a

result of a maturational process from birth to adulthood.

A lot of people do not realise what smoking is actually doing to their health

and most smokers are living in denial which is a defence mechanism people

use to block out the unpleasant reality of smoking which exists. The smoker

does know that smoking cigarettes causes cancer and if the smoker doesn’t

stop they could die of cancer or another disease associated with smoking

such as heart disease. For example the symptoms of lung cancer are the

coughing up of blood, shortness of breath, dry cough with phlegm, weight

loss and a dull continuous pain in the chest and shoulders. If a smoker has

theses symptoms and are a heavy smoker he or she may delay in seeking

medical advice because they are afraid of the diagnosis.

The learning approach is associated with the behaviorist perspective

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