Contributions Of Jacque Rousseau

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Jean Jacque Rousseau was born in the city state of Geneva, Switzerland in 1772. Rousseau is primarily known for major works like- The Social Contract, Emile, Discourse on the origin of Inequality, the Constitutional Project for Corsica, and Consideration on the Government of Poland. What makes Rousseau such an important figure in the history of philosophy is because of his contribution to both political and moral philosophies and his concept of ‘general will’, which also gained him a lot of criticism. Apart from his philosophical and political contribution, he was also a novelist, an autobiographer, botanist, composer and also a music theorist. Rousseau’s his political philosophies flows through his moral philosophies. In order to understand…show more content…
According to him, such kind of love for self was an outcome of what he claims to be “self-preservation”. He felt that such kind of self preservation was necessary to bring simplicity into the modern complex society and therefore there was a need for humans to be well equipped to satisfy their requirements in order to render their services to the society. Secondly, he talked about amour proper, a form that amour de soi takes in a social environment. It is again a kind of self love which is concerned with competitive success or failure as social beings. According to Rousseau, it was the root cause of all evil in the society but on a contrary, in his work, Second discourse and Emile, he also claims that amour proper apart from being the cause of humanity’s fall, it is also a cause for its redemption. He further claims that once individuals achieve consciousness of themselves as social beings, morality almost becomes an inevitable human attribute. Finally he talks about pitie, also known as compassion. He is of the believe that individuals should also attend to the suffering of others but without posing any threat to our…show more content…
Rousseau fearing the emergence of a similar situation tries to set an alternative to this by trying to merge the individual’s freedom with the authority of the state. Consequently, as claimed in his Social Contract, individual remain free by being subject to their own wills. Alongside General will, the Social Contract also talks about other three kinds of will- individual will, where individuals have their own will in accordance to their own private interests. Secondly it tells us about what Rousseau meant by collective will, where individuals identifies themselves as a part of a collective and try to keep aside their selfish motives. Finally it tells about a third kind of will, i.e. the corporate will, which according to Rousseau is a bit problematic because it occurs whenever an individual identifies himself as a subset of the whole populace. He believes that in a well ordered society, there does not exists any kind tension because individuals in a well ordered society surrender to the law and the law in return safeguards their freedom from any kind of control from
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