Convulsive Therapies a Controversial Treatment Throughout Pyschology
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Convulsive therapies may be one of the most controversial treatments throughout psychology. It was widely believed that the convulsion caused by the various types of therapy disrupted the problems caused by mental illness and restored proper ways of thinking (Hirshbein & Sarvananda, 2008). Other physicians believed that the shock informs the subconscious that there is a threat to the person’s existence so that self-preservation becomes of central importance and the mental illness is pushed aside so that a normal mental state is recovered (Hirshbein & Sarvananda 2008).
The first type of convulsive therapy began by sending the patient into shock using insulin (Hirshbein & Sarvananda, 2008). This was introduced by Austrian Scientist, Manfred Sakel, in 1933 (Lebensohn, 1999). He believed that mental illnesses were caused by an increase of adrenaline and that injecting patients with insulin could reverse the acts of the adrenaline (Lebensohn, 1999). In the timespan of 1936 and 1946 Joseph Wortis and Bernard Glueck introduced insulin shock in America, which grew rapidly in popularity (Lebensohn, 1999). Eventually its use declined due to the fact that it was expensive and showed little effects (Lebensohn, 1999). Metrazol Convulsive Therapy was introduced next but it produced very violent convulsions and had a wide range of complications so it fell into misuse (Lebensohn, 1999).
Cerletti, a Neuropathology professor and Psychiatrist in Rome, introduced the next form of convulsive