Core Functions Of Public Health

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In 1988 the core functions of Public Health were established by a report put out by the Institute of Medicine. These three core functions, which are assessment, policy development, and assurance, began the process of describing the condition of public health (Office for State, Tribal, Local and Territorial Support. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014).
Out of this report, a statement called “Public Health in America” began. The intent of the statement was to establish a vision and mission for public health and it included the inception of the concept of the 10 essential services of public health (Office for State, Tribal, Local and Territorial Support Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). The 10 essential services of public health are:

Monitor health status to identify and solve community health problems
In order to meet the goals of essential # 1, assessments are done within communities to see their health status to identify health risks, evaluate disparities in vital statistics and locate necessary assets and resources. The use of mapping software is used to report data and registries are established to track population (Office for State, Tribal, Local and Territorial Support Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014).
Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community
In order to meet the goals of essential #2 epidemiologist work to identify disease outbreaks. The use of Rapid screening is accomplished by the
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