Corporate Finance Notes

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Study notes

By Zhipeng Yan

Corporate Finance
Stephen A. Ross, Randolph W. Westerfield, Jeffrey Jaffe
Chapter 1 Introduction to Corporate Finance ..................................................................... 2 Chapter 2 Accounting Statements and Cash Flow.............................................................. 3 Chapter 3 Financial Markets and NPV: First Principles of Finance................................... 6 Chapter 4 Net Present Value............................................................................................... 6 Chapter 5 How to Value Bonds and Stocks........................................................................ 7 Chapter 6 Some Alternative Investment
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Partnerships are usually inexpensive and easy to form. II. General partners have unlimited liability for all debts. The general partnership is terminated when a general partner dies or withdraws. It is difficult for a partnership to transfer ownership without dissolving. The advantage is the cost of getting started. The disadvantages are: 1) unlimited liability, 2) limited life of the enterprise, and 3) difficulty of transferring ownership. These three disadvantages lead to 4) the difficulty of raising cash. 5. the corporation: limited liability, ease of ownership transfer, and perpetual succession are the major advantages; Disadvantage: government taxes corporate income. 6. agency costs: the cost of resolving the conflicts of interest b/w managers and shareholders are special types of costs. Residual losses are the lost wealth of the shareholders due to divergent behavior of the managers. 7. G. Donaldson concluded that managers are influenced by two basic motivations: I. survival. II. Independence and self-sufficiency: this is the freedom to make decisions without encountering external parties or depending on outside financial markets. The Donaldson interviews suggested that managers do not like to issue new shares of stock. Instead, they like to be able to rely on internally generated cash flow. III. Therefore, the basic financial objective of managers: the maximization of corporate wealth. Corporate wealth is that wealth over which management has effective
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