Correctional Facilities And The Correctional Facility

1645 WordsApr 27, 20177 Pages
Introduction The correctional facilities in the United States of America are composed of operators that own or manage correctional facilities and halfway houses. Correctional facilities serve to confine and rehabilitate prisoners and may be classified as minimum, medium or maximum security facilities. The prisoners contained in the facilities may participate in educational and vocational programs as well as in paid programs or work release programs through the industry. Correctional facilities are subject to state and federal laws. The U.S constitution promises certain minimum standards of living for the people incarcerated in the correctional facilities. Inhumane and abusive condition at a correctional facility may be claimed to…show more content…
Upcoming government budgets will cause these entities to transfer inmates to private facilities. With a marginal increase in incarceration rates, the correctional facility industry will continue to enlarge. As Government contracts have increased in size and gone to larger industry players which facilitate expansion, the industry has increased concentration in the past five years. This has provoked the largest industry players to grow in both size and scope. Industry Disadvantages As prisons burst at seams, states seek alternatives to imprisonment. The nation’s overall inmate population is growing rapidly, correctional facilities have an excess of 385,000 prisoners. One out of every 590 Americans is behind bars in state, county or federal correctional facilities. During the past decade, the inmate population has doubled in size. U.S public officials are shocked to hear that the number of prison inmates has increased a record 13.7% in the past thirty years. The increase in prisoners is attributed to the toughening of sentencing laws and mandatory incarceration for certain offenses. Most correctional facilities have long since exceeded or reached capacity. About two-thirds of the United States are under court order to reduce prison overcrowding or upgrade inmate living conditions. The federal government and 47 states have expanded
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