Corrections

944 Words Nov 9th, 2014 4 Pages
ßCorrections Review Questions Sept 22,2014
Corrections Imani Threalkill

1. How did the term corrections evolve from the earlier use of the term penology? Penology is the study of the use of punishment for criminal acts. Penology emphasized the principal function of implementing punishment in the handling of criminal offenders after their sentencing. Corrections are defined as the range of community and institutional sanctions, treatment programs, and service for managing criminal offenders. 2. What is the mission of corrections? To protect society
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6. List the acts of Congress and describe their impact on the end of the Industrial Era of prison operations. Congress passed 2 laws, The Hawes-Cooper Act in 1929 and the Amherst-summers-Act in 1935. These Laws limited the sales of prison made products on the open market. With this law passing Prison made products on the open market. With this Law passing prison administrators had to find other ways to keep prisons to operate. 7. Describe the rehabilitative era and the medical model of corrections, and explain how this era evolved into the re-integrative era. The rehabilitative era was an era of prison management emphasizing the professionalizing of staff through recruitment and training and implementation of many self-improvement programs of prison management. The medical model is a theory of corrections that offenders were sick, inflicted with problems that caused their criminality and needed to be treated and that rehabilitative would resolve offenders’ problems and prepare them for release into the community able to be productive and crime free. The all resulted in a minor adjustment, which was the Reintegration was added to add emphasis on rehabilitation and offered transitional care and includes the community in the medical model. 8. Identify and explain the five goals of corrections. 1.Punishment-the correctional goal

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