Correlation Between Hiv And The Prevalence Of Hiv

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verify exchangeability. In the fourth study, based in Andhra Pradesh, India, Schneider et al. (2011) examined the association of circumcision with the prevalence of HIV in men who have sex with men (MSM). The cross-sectional study sampled 387 Indian men from six drop-in health centers, who were between the ages of 18-49. Men were selected from the drop-in centers, interviewed, given written informed consent and were then tested for HIV. Of the men tested for HIV, 18.6% were positive. Interviews were completed in order to get information about risk factors that could be associated with the prevalence of HIV in this population, which was quite high. Of men selected for the study 63.1% were circumcised and 36.9% were uncircumcised…show more content…
In the final study, Kibira, Nansubuga, Tumwesigye, Atuyambe, & Makumbi (2014) explored the relation of HIV prevalence and risky sexual behaviors among circumcised and uncircumcised men in Uganda. In the study design, 9,524 male participants aged 15-59 years old were studied from data from the Uganda AIDS Indicator Survey. This national survey was divided into a two-stage stratum cluster sampling that involved selecting households for interview (Kibira et al., 2014). During the interview of each household, blood samples were collected for HIV status, circumcision status, and interview questions that addressed risky sexual behaviors including: unprotected sex, numbers of partners, and transactional sex (Kibira et al., 2014). Based on the result, there’s a direct correlation of circumcised males with lower HIV prevalence among all age groups. HIV prevalence was 35-37% lower in the circumcised men, after controlling for several variables (Kibira et al., 2014). The study showed risky sexual behaviors are also important factors affecting the HIV prevalence on both circumcised and uncircumcised men. The riskiest behavior practice in all men was unprotected sex, followed by multiple sexual partners, and transactional sex. The practice of risky sexual behavior was found to be significantly higher in circumcised men than in uncircumcised men. The research showed that although HIV prevalence has shown to be significantly lower in circumcised
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