Correlation Between Prosocial Behaviors And Prosocial Behavior

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Sample Article Review and Analysis
University of North Texas Eisenberg, N., Guthrie, I.K., Murphy, B.C., Shepard, S.A., Cumberland, A., & Carlo, G. (1999). Consistency and development of prosocial dispositions: A longitudinal study. Child Development, 70(6), 1360-1372.
Purpose and Hypotheses of the Study The study by Eisenberg, Guthrie, Murphy, Shepard, Cumberland, and Carlo (1999) had two purposes. One was to examine the predictive relationship between prosocial behavior that is less likely to be motivated by other-oriented concern and general prosocial behavior and attitudes as well as empathy-related responding across a period of 19 years. A second purpose of this study was to examine whether sympathetic responding mediated the relationship between early prosocial behaviors and prosocial behaviors at a later age. Spontaneous sharing behaviors of young children were expected to be more predictive of prosocial behaviors and empathy-related responding at later ages than compliant sharing, helping, or spontaneous helping.
Participants included 16 males and 16 females (30 Caucasian, 2 of Hispanic origin) interviewed 11 times across the period from 4 to 24 years of age. Parents ' level of education averaged 16.0 years for the mother and 17.0 years for the father. By the time the participants had reached age 23-24, 2 had earned junior college degrees, 14 had earned a college degree, 4 were in graduate school, 1 had completed some college hours, 10 were
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