Correlation Between Traits Found On The Autistic Spectrum And Mathematical Ability

1531 Words Apr 8th, 2015 7 Pages
Examining the Correlation between Traits Found on the Autistic Spectrum and Mathematical Ability
Abstract
Using 158 psychology undergraduates and accessing their scores on the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) and correlating them with an original mathematics test to further research the idea of a link between mathematical ability and position on the Autistic Spectrum. The results of our test do not support the idea of a link between mathematical ability and individuals score on the AQ.
Introduction
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a condition that can affect a person’s social relationships, interest, communication and behaviour. Asperger Syndrome (AS) is a diagnosis given when the criteria for autism is met but there was no delay in language onset in the individual’s history. Twin and family studies over the years have given support to the theory that ASD and AS are hereditary disorders (Baron-Cohen et al., 2001). In the UK Autism has an estimated prevalence rate of 1.1% and is thought to be under diagnosed in females (The NHS Information Centre, 2012).
The Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) is a self report questionnaire developed as an easier, less time consuming way to measure traits associated with ASD and AS in anyone within a population (Baron-Cohen et al., 2001b). The AQ considers 5 traits: imagination, attention to detail, social skills, communication and attention switching. The original study using the AQ used 4 groups as samples; Group 1 was 58 participants were adult…
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