Corruption Is A Universal One

1431 Words Mar 8th, 2016 6 Pages
The problem with corruption is a universal one, but this challenge is particularly egregious in new and developing democracies. Brazil’s troubles with corruption stem from far before democratization in the 1980s. From the military takeover and the rule of the bureaucratic authoritarian regime to the present day, this nation has struggled with nepotism, clientism, and favoritism as well as a slew of other corrupt practices. The state, federal, and municipal levels of government have all been plagued with corruption scandals. From the impeachment of President Fernando Collor to the Mensalão scandal, the Brazilian government has been in a constant struggle to quell its problems with corruption and economic distress. In this paper I will explain how politicians engage in corruption at the municipal level and the effects their actions can have on the nation. To do this, I will analyze the underlying causes of corruption in Brazil’s municipalities (namely Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo) and how these causes are acted on. Finally, I will detail the repercussions of these actions, and what Brazil can do (and to some degree has done) to solve this issue.
To understand how corruption occurs and what is effects are, the underlying causes of corruption must be understood first. Both systematic factors as well as traditional and societal expectations have made corruption possible in Brazil. Why politicians can and do abuse their power can give much needed insight in understanding the most…
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