Corruption in Zambia and Measures to Address It

2570 WordsFeb 1, 201211 Pages
Introduction One of the major tasks of government is to provide goods and services to the people. There are however many factors that hinder the smooth delivery of goods and services. Corruption is one of the factors. A link has been established between corruption and economic stagnation. Corruption leads to misallocation of resources meant for uplifting of the majority members of the public for the benefit of a few. It is a universal scourge that has been described differently by various schools of thought. It tends to limit citizens access to free goods and services and reduces freedom of political choice in elections. It can also be linked to the escalation of poverty, as the prevalence of corrupt practices socially excludes the poor…show more content…
In 2008 however, the Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index (CPI) slightly improved, awarding Zambia a score of 2, 8, suggesting progress in terms of control of corruption, as perceived by analysts and businessmen (2008). This could indicate that Zambia’s efforts against corruption are slowly starting to yield results. However, there is still a long way to go. Strategies employed and their efficiencies There are a number of laws put in place to combat corruption (National anti-Corruption policy: 2009). These laws are meant to empower different institutions in the fight against corruption. They include: the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) Act No. 42 of 1996; Public Procurement Act No. 12 of 2008; Parliamentary and Ministerial Code of Conduct Act No. 35 0f 1994; The Electoral Act No. 12 of 2006; The Prohibition and Prevention of Money Laundering Act No. 14 of 2001; The Bank of Zambia Anti-Money Laundering Directives 2004. Despite the above legal framework, there are still challenges to the fight against corruption such as enhancing and harmonising anti-corruption laws and regulations, reviewing and enacting relevant legislation in the fight against corruption and domesticating provisions in international instruments. With the aforementioned legal framework prevailing to combat corruption, it is necessary to examine the institutional framework that exists to implement the laws established. The National Anti-Corruption
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