Corruption in the Public Sector and Service Delivery

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CORRUPTION IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR AND SERVICE DELIVERY A Paper presentation at the

ROUNDTABLE ON REVIEW OF GOVERNANCE INDEX AND SECURITY IN NIGERIA

Held in
THE NATIONAL DEFENCE COLLEGE, NIGERIA

22ND MAY, 2013

Protocol

Introduction
The Public Sector in Nigeria is charged with the responsibility of providing goods and services, otherwise referred to as “public goods” in economics, to the public vis-à-vis the mandate of the ruling government and its administrative system. It is expected by the public, of the government, and through the public sector to judiciously harness the nation’s economic resources for the benefit of the public and the development of their communities particularly, and the nation
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The public sector being an economic agent, acts on behalf of the public to judiciously harness all economic resources for the benefit of all. Comprising of the Executive, the Judiciary, the Legislative, the Armed Forces, the Para-Military Organisations, the Police, the Ministries, the Public Enterprises (collectively referred to as Ministries, Departments and Agencies), the public sector refers to a system of government employees, elected or appointed that serve members of the public through the provision of goods and service. The term is also a generic name for both the civil service and the parastatals or public enterprises combined. It equally encompasses undertakings that engage in the provision of goods and services which the private sector may not be able to invest in. It is generally recognized that the public sector, as an instrument for carrying out government policies, has a vital role to play in the social and economic development of a country.

OVERVIEW OF THE EVOLUTION OF THE PUBLIC SECTOR IN NIGERIA
The evolution of the Public Service was described by Maduabum (2006) thus; * The transfer of the central administration of Lagos, Gambia, Gold Coast, Sierra Leone to Freetown, Sierra Leone (1866-1874) * Lagos Colony was administered from Gold Coast (1874-1886) * Moloney was appointed Governor of Lagos (1886) * The Niger Coast Protectorate was merged with the territories of the Royal Niger Company (1889) * The
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