Costa Rica And Its Effects On The Economy

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Costa Rica was home to by an estimated four hundred thousand Indians when Columbus found it in 1502. The Spanish began their conquering of the country in 1524. The region grew very slow and was governed as a Spanish province. Costa Rica took their independence in 1821 but was engrossed for two years by the Mexican empire. It became a republic in 1848. It was ruled by the dictator Tomás Guardia from 1870 to 1882 with the help of his massive army. (Costa Rica, 2014) Since then, Costa Rica has enjoyed one of the most democratic governments in Latin America. In the 1970s the price of oil went up, international prices skyrocketed above the normal tier, and inflation hurt the fragile economy. Efforts have since been made to reduce the countries…show more content…
The regular amount of children born per women was 7 but with the advancement in the region it has fallen to 3.5. Costa Rica 's poverty rate is lower than in most Latin American countries as well. Costa Rica is also popular for immigration due to its job opportunities and social programs. A small percent of the population was not born natively, with Nicaraguans being the most of that percentage. Many Nicaraguans who come to Costa Rica take employment as unskilled seasonal laborers. The arrive unlawfully or overstay their visas. (Costa Rica, 2016) This continues cause tension between the two neighbors. Costa Rica, meaning Rich Coast, can attribute its assortment of wildlife and natural wonders to its assorted geography, ecological zones, and microclimates. Costa Rica 's geography shows a record of disaster, with earthquakes, floods, and volcanoes forming the scene today. A mixture of mountains, beaches, rivers, and powerful waterfalls shape the smaller country at 19,653 square miles. (Geography of Costa Rica, 2014) Found just 10 degrees north of the equator, Costa Rica appreciates a hot climate compared to a sunny tropical paradise. Mountains and rain forests mixed with the two oceans surrounding the country create it’s four main geographical areas: The Tropical Lowlands, the Northern Central Plains, the Central Valley, and the Northwest Peninsula. (Geography of Costa Rica, 2014) Costa Rica also has at least 60 volcanoes, five of which
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