Costa Rica And Realism : Is There A Major Flaw Within Realism?

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Costa Rica & Realism

Is There a Major Flaw Within Realism?
According to realism, we live in a world of anarchy oftentimes shaped by conflict, driven by self-protection, and characterized by a decisive lack of trust; and yet, counter intuitively there are several countries, some in high conflict areas, which do not have armed forces. How and why do these countries succeed and does this create a flaw within the schema of realism?
Some countries such as Costa Rica, Haiti, and Granada underwent demilitarization; others such as Samoa were formed without militaries (World Factbook 1). Why has the rest of the world not taken advantage of something that according to realism should be considered a weakness? Items such as internal costs and external agreements (or in Japan’s case compliance) with other countries are cited as reasons for not having a military. Furthermore, most military less countries have some form of protection-orientated alliances or agreements that seemingly function as their defense instead of a military.
Yet, alliances and agreements are based on trust, which is an idea realism states the world intrinsically lacks. These countries do not simply trust others with trade agreements; their independent existence is at stake. And so far, they seem to have their independence. The puzzle is why does this work? In order to explore this question, I will focus on the demilitarization of one specific country, Costa Rica, how the decision was implemented, why they made
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