Costa Rica The Little Country

908 WordsSep 16, 20144 Pages
You could call Costa Rica the little country that could, at least in terms of health care. Over the past seventy years the government has enacted reforms that have changed the face of both the health care system and health of a country. The Costa Rica health system is dedicated to providing equitable access to citizens, while protecting them from financial risk. The improvement this middle-income country has made over the past few decades rivals that of higher-income countries. However, while this system is fundamentally efficient and effective, it is not without problems. Throughout the last seventy years Costa Rica’s healthcare system has been going through a transformation. As the nation has taken steps to improve the health care system, the health of the country’s population has also drastically improved. For instance, in 1950 the total population of Costa Rica was approximately one million citizens (Vargas & Muiser, 2013). The life expectancy was fifty-six years for both female and male citizens (Vargas & Muiser, 2013). The fertility rate for women at that time was 6.7 (Vargas & Muiser, 2013). By the twentieth century the population has reached close to four million citizens, and the life expectancy of both male and females has risen to seventy-eight years old (Vargas & Muiser, 2013). This life expectancy rate placed Costa Rica second in the Americas, behind Canada (Unger, Buitron, Soors, 2008). The fertility rate of women also dropped to 2.4 (Vargas &
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