According to Blacktown City Council (2014), Costco Wholesale Corporation operates an international chain of membership warehouses which carry quality brand name merchandise at substantially reduced prices compared to other conventional wholesale or retail outlets. It began its operations in 1983 in Seattle, Washington and later merged with The Price Company in October 1993 operating under the name PriceCostco, had 206 locations generating $16 billion in annual sales (Costco Wholesale, 2015). As of December 2014, the Company operated a chain of 671 warehouses in 43 states, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico (474 locations), nine Canadian provinces (88 locations), Mexico (34 locations), the United Kingdom (26 locations), Japan (20 locations), Korea (11 locations), Taiwan (10 locations, through a 55%-owned subsidiary), Australia (seven locations) and Spain (one location). The Company’s online business also operates websites in the U.S., Canada, U.K., and Mexico (Costco Annual Report, 2014).
Costco has a simple strategy for being one of the leaders in the wholesales, which is concentrating on driving sales. If the sales of a company are good than everything else will take care of itself. While other companies such as Wal-Mart, Target and BJ’s pour money into marketing; Costco has a no-frills approach and doesn’t advertise. Costco focuses on selling fewer items which increases sale volume and
Marketing Plan Costco Companies, Inc. MKT 680 Presented by Jose D. Carmona May 10, 2012 1. Executive Summary Costco Wholesale Corporation, which began operations in 1983 in Seattle, originated the membership wholesale club retail concept. By providing low prices on consumables like fresh foods, health and beauty care items, high-quality apparel, electronics, jewelry and other general merchandise, the company pioneered the retail concept that encourages members to visit regularly to achieve savings. In the meantime, the retailer has been successful in encouraging members to spend the savings on impulse big-ticket, discretionary purchases.
In September 1983 Costco's first warehouse opened in Seattle, Washington. At this time, warehouse outlets had long existed, but the concept of a wholesale club was relatively new and promising. Dubbed "buyers' clubs" and begun in 1976, these warehouses were wholesalers that required shoppers to become members and pay an annual membership fee. The membership fee helped reduce already-low overhead, so that items could be sold at an average of 9 percent over cost from the manufacturer. At the time Costco was formed, membership warehouses were primarily a West Coast phenomenon; however, since then, their popularity has spread throughout the United States, across the borders to Canada and Mexico, and beyond to many other countries.
Executive Summary Costco is one of the most profitable retail stores in the United States at the moment. This is in spite of the prevailing tough global economic times and stiff competition from stores such as Wal-Mart and Target. Costco, a members’ wholesale retail store, was founded in 1983 in Washington by Jeffrey Brotman, who serves as the current Chairman of the board of directors and James Sinegal, the current company president. Costco has not been spared by the current global economic conditions. They have affected it in a number of ways that have made the company’s management respond in a manner that is meant to ensure that the business not only survives but grows even stronger. First, Costco has taken strong measures to keep
It was in the twentieth century that the world was first introduced to a now well-known household name, Costco. In 1976 that the first Costco was opened, formerly known as Price Club, in San Diego. The philosophy of this company is simply stated, “Keep costs down and pass the savings on to our members.” (Costco.com) It has held onto its philosophy of keeping prices low for almost half a century. Costco is self defined as a “membership warehouse club.” (Costco.com) It provides a wide variety of brand name products in their warehouse-style store, and strives to provide all members with the lowest prices that they can offer. Today, Costco is a well known and loved company by consumers.
Costco Wholesale Corp.: Mission, Business Model, and Strategy What is Costco’s business model? Is the company’s business model appealing? Why or why not?
Costco’s inventory management strategy focuses on three main points: (a) point-of-sales system (POS), (b) vendor managed inventory and (c) low volume of stock keeping units. Costco takes aid from innovative inventory system that provides real time inventory information called Collaborative Retail Exchange (CRX). The system monitors and re-orders at the optimum inventory as part of the continuous re-order system. The CRX system analyses the sales for the previous weeks and inventory level which acts as information to the suppliers. Costco Wholesale follows a Bulk-buying strategy. It aims at selling products in large volume and comparatively low prices. The company also follows lower number of stock keeping units (SKU’s), an average of ~4,000
Distribution and Retailers Costco does not have distributors or retailers to supply its products to the end users. They do, however, have reseller who buy their products for their business and sell to the end user. For example, Costco’s business membership offers tax-exempt purchases to restaurant and small grocery store owners; they then sell those purchased goods to the end user.
Table of Contents Introduction 5 Design of Goods/Service 8 Process Design 13 Layout 17 Capacity 24 Productivity 30 Location Planning 36 Queue Management 40 Appendix 45 Gantt Chart 58 References 60 Introduction Costco Mission Statement Costco's mission is to “continually provide our members with quality goods and services at the lowest possible prices (Costco Wholesale Mission Statement - Profits and Prices Revolve Around Ethics, 2013)
Costco’s business model focuses on selling limited selection of products at low prices, often at very high volume and rapid inventory turnover. These goods are bulk-packaged and marketed primarily to large families and businesses. Costco does not carry multiple brands or varieties where the item is essentially the same. It provides members with a selection of only about 4000 items, this results in a high volume of sales from a single vendor, allowing further reductions in price, and reducing marketing costs. Costco also saves money by not stocking extra bags or packing materials; to carry out their goods, customers must bring their own
The organization Costco’s former CEO Jim Sinegal designed the Wholesale Club Notion in 1983. Stores were quickly spread throughout the United States, Canada, and Mexico. According to Michaud (2012), “By the end of 2008, there were 550 stores in 40 states and 7 countries, with 54 million members” (Para. 3). The company creates a global chain of warehouses that carry value products as per their slogan. Michaud further discussed that “Costco is also one of the largest corporation in the world with 663 stores
Business Strategy Costco is one of the nation’s top three retailers and the world’s largest membership warehouse chain, Costco wholesale Canada operates about 80 membership warehouse clubs across Canada. The company never advertises, charges its 64 million members to shop there and doesn’t mark up any product more than 15 percent, even at this lowest profit margin, 15% for Kirkland private brand, the products were 20% lower than comparable to other brand products. Costco works with this business model and generating $93 billion in annual sales.
1. Costco’s business model is to generate high-volume sales and rapid inventory turnover by offering low prices on a limited set selection of brands and a few selected privately labeled products. This model does not turn a profit on its own with the company operating slightly below its break-even cost. However, to make up for this Costco charges a membership fee and this is a simple way of padding their profit but also enabling them to provide a customer experience that emphasizes value.
Costco Wholesale Corp.: Mission, Business Model, and Strategy 1. What is Costco’s business model? Is the company’s business model appealing? Costco’s business model depends on high sales volume along with quick inventory turnover, which is made possible by low prices and limited product selection. This business model is appealing for them and has many benefits. Firstly, by setting up the business approach to rapidly