Counseling Ethics & Critical Thinking

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Logical Analysis of Ethics and Critical Thinking Ethics in Psychotherapy and Counseling 4th ed., Chapter 3 Authors: Kenneth Pope and Melba Vasquez The authors’ main purpose of this chapter is to teach the importance of examining our ethics through the lenses of critical thinking. In general, critical thinking is being able to learn new material with an open mind and having a heightened level of self-awareness of our biases and how our biases impact the analysis of information. A critical thinking approach when applied to the logical analysis of journal articles, chapters or entire textbooks--encourages us to analyze the author(s)’ goals, objectives, issues, observations, facts, conclusions, biases, inferences, assumptions,…show more content…
The main inference in this chapter is being human makes us vulnerable to ethical errors. The key concepts we need to understand in this chapter are: learn to recognize major patterns and pitfalls. The main assumption(s) underlying the authors’ thinking is, we are not perfect, but ignorance is not bliss nor is it an excuse for unethical behavior. If we take this line of reasoning seriously, the implications are we must learn how judgement, the 22 types of logical fallacies in ethical reasoning, language and justifications impact are interpretation and commitment to adhere to our professional ethics. The consequences or benefits if you take authors’ line of reasoning: you will be less likely to commit ethical errors due to ignorance or experience difficulty applying ethics to your specific situation. However, if we fail to take this line of reasoning seriously, the implications are we are sure to succumb to the pitfalls of logical fallacies which may place our client’s or ourselves in harm’s way. Clinicians may be misguided or misdirected by
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