Counseling Minors: The Legal Rights of Minors

1780 WordsJan 12, 20187 Pages
The following essay summarizes prescriptions for counselors in the following factors: counseling minors, legal rights of the minors, the rights of the parents, release of records, confidentiality, and reporting suspected abuse or neglect. The ACA and NBCC websites will be accessed for primary material and this will be substantiated by secondary sources. Counseling minors: the legal rights of the minors The minor, according to law, is considered so below the age of 18 since this is the age when he can legally and most rationally decide for himself. Many practitioners concede that mature decisions can be, generally, expected from minors who are age 14 and upwards. Consequently, many of the principals inherent in the counseling situation that involve a minor depend, to a great extent on the age of the minor in question. The older the minor, the more rights are granted since it is, naturally, considered that an older minor can make a more rational and mature decision. Another guideline that can stand for determining when a client is sufficiently competent is that defined by Hall and Lin (1995) who noted that a rational client is one who: (a) attends to the decision task at hand, (b) delays a decision response until the decision-making process is completed, (c) weigh treatment alternatives, (d) considers risks associated with different treatment alternatives, and (e) estimate costs and consequences of choosing or not choosing various treatment alternatives (p. 65). In

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