Counselling Theories

1817 WordsDec 27, 20128 Pages
ASSIGNMENT 1: COUNSELLING THEORIES Question 1: Briefly describe the key concepts PSYCHOANAYLYTIC THERAPY This study explored the method of psychoanalytic therapy which was originated by Sigmund Freud as basically deterministic, in the Freudian’s view of human nature. In which free association, dream interpretation, and analysis of transference are used to explore repressed or unconscious impulses, anxieties, and internal conflicts, in order to free psychic energy for mature love and work. From the orthodox Freudian perspective, humans are view as energy systems. According to Freudian psychoanalytic view the dynamics of personality consists of the ways in which psychic energy is distributed to the id, ego, and superego.…show more content…
Freudian psychoanalytic view found out that, these three areas of personal and social development are all grounded in the first 6 years of life. However, this period is the foundation on which later personality development is built. Therefore, when a child’s need are not adequately met during these stages of development, an individual may become fixated at that stage and behave psychologically immature ways later on in life. (p. 63) Corey (2009) found the following Freud’s psychosexual view: First year of life - Oral Stage: Sucking at mother’s breast satisfies need for food and pleasure. Infant needs to get basic nurturing, or later feelings of greediness and acquisitiveness may develop. Oral fixations result from deprivation of oral gratification in infancy. Later personality problems can include mistrust of other, rejecting others; love, and fear of or inability to form intimate relationships. Ages 1 - 3 Anal Stage: Anal Zone become of major significance in formation of personality. Main developmental tasks include learning independence, accepting personal power, and learning to express negative feelings such as rage and aggression. Parental discipline patterns and attitudes have significant consequences for child’s later personality development. Ages 3-6 Phallic stage: Basics conflict centres on unconscious incestuous desires that child develops
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