Counterculture - Research Paper

3180 WordsDec 9, 201213 Pages
Counterculture of the Sixties in the USA Causes and Effects by Johanna K. Weisz Preface If the Sixties was the decade of rebellion in America, the preceding two post-WWII decades were characterized by social conformity and trust in the system. “In that era of general good will and expanding affluence, few Americans doubted the essential goodness of their society” (Haberstam 10). However, this trust in the system changed radically in the Sixties. Many of the numerous youth born during the post-WWII baby boom became teenagers who questioned the cultural values of their parents and refused to assimilate into the established social and moral system. They created their own counterculture that was in opposition to the established culture of…show more content…
5 One example of their use of non-traditional means was the nomination of a pig for president at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago in 1968 in order to protest against the Vietnam War. Their slogan declared “They nominate a president and he eats the people. We nominate a president and the people eat him”. (Patterson n.p.). The protests during the Democratic National Convention led to a violent confrontation of demonstrators and the Chicago police. Hoffman and Rubin were among eight activists who were arrested and accused of conspiracy. (Gitlin 342). Civil Rights Movement, hope and assassinations Young activists had more to fight for than foreign wars. In the early Sixties, there was still racial segregation by law in the Southern states of the U.S. President John F. Kennedy promised to end segregation, but was shot in 1963. Even though the Civil Right Act of 1964 eventually was signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson, the fight for equal rights continued. Segregation was not abolished immediately due to the new law, especially not in the South. (Anderson 211). While there were militant activists on each side, the main leader of the Civil Rights Movement, Martin Luther King, Jr., encouraged peaceful disobedience instead of violence, which was right in the heart of the hippie philosophy: There are two types of laws, just and unjust. I would be the
Open Document