Countering In Claude M. Steele's 'Whistling Vivaldi'
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Joseph Harris, teacher and author of the book rewriting, brings a technique in the academic writing that talks about how we can rewrite an author’s opinion by being generous and not steal their credits. He names this technique countering. To counter is simply a different way of thinking; how we can use one author’s idea to show another point of view not by dishonoring their way of thinking but by giving them credit for what they wrote. Countering is a significant movement which is not easily created or followed. It has a set of rules that should be followed by ethical norms which are based on the purpose of countering. According to Harris there are three stages of countering in text which are, “coming to terms with another point of view, noting its limits, and constructing your own position in response” (70). Claude M. Steele, one of the few great social psychologists whose impact on the larger culture is immense, uses countering in his book Whistling Vivaldi to shows different opinion that people agrees on and shows us the truth about them. He is able to counter other author’s work, hypothesis and theories without offending or subdue their work.
Steele’s purpose in his book is to show how we underestimate stereotype threat in our society. According to Claude M. Steele, in his book Whistling Vivaldi, he explains to us that a Stereotype threat is a situational predicament in which people are or feel themselves to be at risk of conforming to stereotypes about their social