Court Comparison Contrast Paper

625 Words May 20th, 2012 3 Pages
CJA 224

Week 2 Learning Team B Assignment Court Comparison Contrast Paper

States and federal court system


The state court system is diverse and each state has its own judiciaries. The state has organized systems of courts and special court groups. Inferior courts are the lowest level of state courts that includes municipal, magistrate, police, and county, justice of the peace, and traffic courts, sometimes informal with minor civil and criminal cases.

Superior court handles serious offenses known as state district court, circuit courts, and many others. Superior courts are by counties, hear appeals from inferior courts, have jurisdiction on major civil suits, serious crimes, and the nations jury trials occur.
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The next is the district courts, the United Stated courts of appeals, superior to one or more district courts composed of 11 judicial courts established in 1891 by Congress throughout 50 states with six to 27 judges in each. Courts of appeal have jurisdiction in cases involving challenges of orders of a federal regulatory agency as Securities and Exchange Commission (Columbial Electonic Encyclopedia, n.d).

The supreme court of the United States is the highest court of the federal system, mandated by the Constitution since 1869 composed of a chief justice and eight associate justices located in Washington, DC in hearing all final jurisdictions on cases. This court may review decisions from the United States courts of appeal and also choose to hear appeals from the state appellate courts if a federal constitutional issue is involved, possessing the original jurisdiction on limited cases involving high-ranking diplomats from other nations or between two states.

Other federal judiciary have group of courts to handle limited types of disputes, including special federal court of court of court of federal claims on monetary claims with Tax Courts and the United States government. Special court judges do not serve for life. Courts-martial for cases in the military are handled by the United States
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