Court Systems

2828 WordsFeb 5, 201312 Pages
The U.S. Federal Court system I have chosen the United States Federal Court System as my topic of research. I believe the U.S Federal Court System is paramount to our criminal justice system. Today the Federal Court System is a complex structure of courts and actors working together in an imperfect process to deliver justice. Throughout the years there’s been controversy and debate between the rights of state and federal courts. However, as the dual process evolved they became dependent on each other. Without one or the other, the system will not function properly. The Federal Courts have been a controversial issue since the 18th century. The two landmark decisions that are well known are the Article III of the U.S Constitution and…show more content…
Since you cannot legally be punished in another state for a crime committed somewhere else, the state does have the option to extradite that criminal and surrender their rights of a criminal accused and send them to the state that they were originally charged. This can also occur outside of the country, for example if someone commits murder in the United States then flees to Mexico, the U.S. will request that the jurisdiction return this offender back to the U.S. and not have them punished outside of the country. Within jurisdiction there is also personal jurisdiction and hierarchical jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction refers to the courts power over an individual person or corporation. An example would be if a person accused of fraudulent crimes or crime committed through the internet, meaning that they committed the crime but were not physically present when the crime was committed. Hierarchical jurisdiction refers to difference in the courts functions and all the responsibilities. This is divided into two types, original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction. Original means that a court has the authority to try a case and decide the results. Appellate jurisdiction means that courts had to power to review cases that have already been decided by other courts, but they believe there is a reason to re try it. Appellate courts often have limited
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