Creationism vs. Evolution Essay

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Since the Age of the Enlightenment, the institution of religion has had to contend with the opposition of science regarding the issues of the origins of the world and of the human species. Up until around the end of the 17th century, the church was the authority on how the world and everything in it had come to be. However, with the great intellectual revolution came thinkers such as Galileo, Copernicus, Bacon, Descartes, and many others who challenged the biblical assumptions with empirically deduced scientific theories. The Catholic Church had a nasty habit of persecuting such ideological dissent toward creationism, calling it heresy and thereby somewhat suppressing a complete upheaval of the Scriptures. For many centuries to come, …show more content…
The representatives of the ACLU were willing to defend any person willing to face trial for teaching the subject in schools in order to contest the law and bring its nature into the national limelight. The town leaders of Dayton obliged, being glad for the opportunity of some publicity. William Jennings Bryan represented the State of Tennessee and staked his claim saying that the State of Tennessee “has already held that this act is constitutional, it being the law of the land, there is but one issue before this court and jury, and that is, did the defendant violate the statute” (Bryan). Bryan felt that the defense had no case because the trial was not to debate the constitutionality of a law, but to prove that said law was broken. The prosecution discovered that they needed to argue the irrationality of teaching evolution and claimed that it was only a mysterious theory and could not possibly have expert testimonies. The prosecution also argued that because science was the enabler of modern warfare, it was also a source of evil; evil should not be taught in schools. Bryan said that no teacher had the right either, to cause ideological conflict within the home by influencing a child with theories contrary to their parentally instilled religious background

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