Crime Displacement Or Diffusion Of Benefits?

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Crime Displacement or Diffusion of Benefits? Definition of displacement and types of displacement Displacement is the response of offenders to the crime prevention strategies, especially the ones that block criminal opportunities (Barr and Pease, 1990; Eck, 1993). Besides the most intelligible displacement, the change in the location of crimes (spatial displacement), researchers proposed five other types of displacements, which are: temporal displacement, target (victim) displacement, method displacement, crime type displacement, and perpetrator (offender) displacement (Reppetto, 1976; Garbor, 1990; Barr and Pease, 1990; Eck, 1993). Table 1 shows these six forms of displacements and their distinctions, as well as examples. Table 1 Six Forms of Displacement ID Type Explanation Example 1 Spatial (Geographical) Crimes shifted from one location to another Robber saw police in one tract, so he/she decided to go to another tract to rob the pedestrian 2 Temporal Offender switched times Robber was unable to rob the pedestrian in the afternoon, so he/she committed the robbery at night 3 Target (Victim) Offender selected other target (victim) Unable to rob a group of people, robber robed one senior citizen 4 Method Offender changed the procedures Robber stopped using the knife and started to use the gun or fake gun to do the robbery 5 Crime Type Offender switched crime types Robber could not commit robbery, so he/she broke into the auto vehicles 6 Perpetrator (Offender) New offender
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