dominating the drug industry are the Latin American and majority of Asian, specifically cocaine and heroin production. Global organised crime is evolving and embracing new markets and technologies; moving from the traditional hierarchies towards a more flexible, network based construct of organisation. To a certain extent, the legitimate world is a victim of its own accomplishment; the globalisation of the legal economy has globalised the underworld. This has provided the demands of numerous illicit services, and an improvement of policing ironically forcing criminals to become more organised to continue. The international organised crime groups that are working together and with an effect, dividing the globe amongst them. There is sufficient
The “War on Drugs” has been a hot topic for several decades in the United States. The argument for the success of this campaign usually varies depending on one’s political affiliation. The government handled the ongoing campaign differently with each new administration taking command, most of them having no little success. The fact of the matter is that the ideal of a “drug free civilization” is far from reality. The world is coming to terms that the various drug-fighting programs across the world are not producing the desired results. In fact, UN Office on Drugs and Crime doesn’t publicly aspire to reach a drug-free world. That wishful scenario seems very close to impossible at this moment. The office biggest claim to fame is that that the international drug markets have stabilized, which is not very optimistic.
The American War on Drugs has aimed to abolish drug abuse through tough laws and punitive enforcement within and beyond United States’ borders. Although the term was only coined in 1971, it seems as though the War on Drugs is failing more miserably than ever before. Global consumption of opiates, cocaine, and marijuana has increased by 35 percent, 27 percent, and 9 percent between 1998 and 2008, according to the United Nations. This suggests that the global supply of illegal drugs is increasing while the drugs themselves become cheaper, fixed, and abundant. (Schlosser, 1994)
Alongside the need or want for drugs, a market is available to move, buy, and sell drugs usually run by small groups of individuals. There have been certain key players in regards to nations that have provided an environment for this market of cultivation and production of substances and trafficking. Often it is due to a lack of a strong government and a weak economy, pushing otherwise hard working, honest people to make a living by other means. Despite Colombia’s relatively strong economy and stable government, the following introduction of coca from Peru and Bolivia took hold. Colombia became one nation that largely contributed to cocaine and heroin trafficking. A country that initially produced and exported small amounts of cocaine in the early 1970’s now has a major role throughout the world.5
Unfortunately for the illicit drug market, disrupt in the supply chain does not just occur during production, but can also be intercepted during transportation. According to the International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (2015), “the U.S. Coast Guard, seized one submersible and two semi-submersible vessel for transporting drugs [from Colombia]” (138). The threat of confiscation without compensation, due to drugs being a part of an illicit economy, compels traffickers to utilize more covert and inventive methods in the movement of substances. An example of a preventative measure commonly applied by organized crime groups is a monetary bribe provided to customs officers for purposefully overlooking drug smuggling across country borders, “higher levels of income inequality are also known to provoke drug trafficking and corruption… members of marginalized groups may view corruption and involvement in criminal organizations as a viable way to improve their lives” (The Drug Problem and Organized Crime, Illicit Financial Flows, Corruption, and Terrorism 33). Comparatively to members of the illicit narcotics market, individuals a part of the criminal justice system may succumb to bribery for financial gain as a result of perceived income inequality. Consequently of globalization, an enhancement of
Drug trafficking is one of the most serious problems in the world.It is indeed an international concern, especially in the American continent. Sadly, this apparently shows no signs of changing anytime soon. Researchers believe that it will end when the UNODC (United Nations office on drugs and crime.) pressures and investigates corruption into Mexico and the South America‘s Governments leading to intervention and effective punishment. First of all, the US is trying to end corruption within their own borders. It is not known if the full impact of this “disease” or “habit” has been fully recognized. It is not a secret that drugs and illegal immigration is crossing everyday through the borders of the United States, then they must pressure and investigate corruption into Mexico and the South America‘s Governments. what really make the attractive is that the drug business is that it is so productive that it had grab the attention of thousands of people, which have got involved all kind of societies. the rich people wants more money and poor people
UNODC is continuously monitoring and researching global illicit drug markets in order to gain a much more comprehensive perception. From about 40 years ago the world declared war on drugs, but they couldn’t put an end to drug trafficking. Violent drug traffickers will stop at nothing to preserve their power.
“Drugs continue to kill … 200,000 people a year, shattering families and bringing misery to thousands” states Yury Fedotov, the Executive Director of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UN 2012). A modern crisis, drug abuse takes the will and freedom of hundreds of thousands, plunging their lives into despair. But this is only one side of the coin; those who supply the hazardous euphoria of drugs build their own volatile empires on foundations of violence and deceit. Authoritarian leaders build on these worlds to create systems of power in drug cartels, concentrating their power to even control full regions. They aim to dominate the drug market , flouting law and order in their vehement rise to
The world has advanced over the centuries. To ensure progression and growth, society must embrace organizations which support improving the quality of human life. The United Nations is one such organization that has ensured the well-being of the human race by collaborating internationally on how to tactically approach conflicts. From combating terrorism to eradicating smallpox, the United Nations has resolved numerous foreign issues and international crises. The creation of the United Nations continues to be critical because the organization is a fundamental necessity for global peace, good relations, and development.
When it comes to drug use, efforts to lower the use and flow of illegal drugs in the United States have yet to be succeeded. On the contrary, the use and production of illegal drugs have only seemed to grow. Sadly, punitive laws have not reduced the use or the availability of illegal drugs but have actually had collateral damage. Example of said collateral damage is drug-related violence, health epidemics, mass incarceration, and the waste of law enforcement. Sadly, many have been murdered due to the act of violence between criminal activity fighting over territory and or power made due to drug trade. Since 2000, the amount of people living with HIV has tripled due to injecting drugs. In the last 30 years, prison population, in the United States, has quadrupled and nearly a quarter of federal inmates are convicted of drugs. Lastly, the amount of money being spent
The SDN list is simply outdated and drug fronts change names rapidly, our first suggestion was an update to the SDN list to include many companies we believe to be heavily involved in illicit drug trade. We have repeatedly seen that although foreign governments may be “disciplined to cooperate, its businesses may feel differently.” And although the UN and international community may agree upon acceptable business partnerships, companies have historically shown blatant disregard when it comes to potentially making money.
United Nations organizations, such as The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) have played an extremely important role in the international efforts to combat terrorism. The Inter-America Committee Against Terrorism (CICTE) also plays a role in encouraging member states’ to help combat and eliminate terrorism.
The United Nations General Assembly is the primary assemblage of the United Nations. It has 193 part nations, all of which share an equivalent vote on recommendations called "resolutions". This appears to be
The UN doesn't quite do their job. They are expected to help other countries while in difficult situations but they help
This report describes briefly about the history of International Relations (IR) and United Nation (UN) Organization as well as the role of UN in international relation with the world government. It also contain about the importance of international relation and the actors and influencers, power politics, waning of the war, international system, foreign policy, military force and terrorism, international organization, law and human rights. Moreover, it also involve the correlation between International Relations and United Nation Organization as well as the work of UN and its agencies worldwide in handling different issues within the International Relation context.