The current impact of law enforcement within today’s society varies from the different challenges they face. Law enforcement face issues such as working in a multicultural society, corruption within
There have been major incidents in our generation that have caused the need for diversity reform in law enforcement. The biggest incident was the attacks on the United States of America that occurred on September 11th, 2001. The attacks that
Immigrants to the United States of America carry along their cultural identities. In a state that there are several minority groups, it is typical for a clash of culture to occur (Dempsey, 2013). Law enforcement officers have to always look out for ways of handling the new cultures within their jurisdiction. There is no one size that fits all when it comes to policing and culture. For proper policing, law enforcement officers need to understand how to deal with persons from different cultural backgrounds (Maguire & Wells, 2009).
This paper provides an overview of the problems facing the police in their efforts to improve relations with minority communities in the United States, as well as a survey of previous research and existing literature on cultural diversity
There is no denying that the criminal justice system is downright corrupt, unjust, and powerful. By corrupt, the criminal justice system degrades the power it possesses to perform in its out most potential. By unjust, the criminal justice system disposes of equal treatment and exhibits discrimination of individuals of society. By powerful, the criminal justice system utilizes discretion and fear to respond to situations that entail the lives of racial minorities. These ideas extend to a much greater problem which is the disposition on minorities. There is the majority group, also known as the dominant group, and there are the minority groups, also known as the subordinate group. The dominant group have power either politically or economically. The subordinate group have less power and are mostly comprised of people of
A number of problems arise from race and ethnicity issues in policing practices. From the department’s perspective, issues with race and ethnicity, create negative consequences. For example, if a police department fails properly to resolve situational conflicts, this can cause loss of productivity, tension among officers of different race and backgrounds, enhanced suspicion of other officers, and increased isolation of staff member. The department will suffer tremendously if it fails
Student studying criminal justice and those employed in the field of criminal justice need to be aware of differences between those from different cultures. By studying multiculturalism one learns that different cultures can have values, beliefs, customs, and norms that are different from one’s own which leads to acceptance and understanding (McNamara & Burns, 2009). For those employed in the criminal justice field, with the changing face America, it is necessary to understand the background of others in order to do their job. Immigrant populations are part of every major city today and even most small towns have at least a small population of immigrants. Officers have to understand that their culture is different and that they have to
Cultural competency is a goal that all organizations should strive for, particularly organizations that are set up with the purpose of serving the community. The American criminal justice system has long struggled with issues of cultural competency, between questions on what actions to take with mentally ill individuals to severe language barriers that causes gross misunderstandings. Due to recent events and media attention possibly the most salient group that faces cultural competency issues with the criminal justice system is the African American community. When it comes to cultural competency issues that face the African American community, possibly the most logical place to start is with racial profiling. Racial profiling is when one,
Volpp defines “cultural defense” as a legal strategy that defendants use in attempts to exercise criminal behavior. The problem with cultural defense is that it takes a single person’s behavior and applies it to a whole culture. One person does not define a community and can make an entire culture look bad. Volpp also believes that the cultural defense tactic should not be formalized among lawyers and the court as it is not accurate for explaining an individual’s reasoning for their actions. She also goes on to state the conception of cultural defense gives the immigrant defendant culture that the U.S. law does not, building an anthropologic relationship between the
With the increase of diversity in the country, comes a wide variety of issues facing all sectors. In the criminal justice sector we see issues such as racial profiling, discrimination amongst others.
Life experience coupled with professional experience has enriched the level of cultural competency that I function at daily. Starting my first career in the legal arena, almost twenty years ago, I carried more bias toward certain groups, often thinking in black and white rather than a rich rainbow of grays. Being empathetic to individuals that committed crimes against society and others was rarely accepted in my naïve viewpoint. After my first year of working with criminal clients, I began to understand that one simple act cannot define or give explanation to the beauty of multiple stories that fill the chapters in an individual’s life. I learned that I could not fully understand what led to the story that was playing out before me without
Multicultural understanding is critical, as currently members of racial and ethnic minorities account for more than one in three Americans, and projections indicate that members of minorities will constitute a majority of the nation’s population by 2050. One of the most significant problems facing the police during the past three decades has been the tension, and often upright hostility, between the police and minority group citizens. Over the last few decades, minority representation has increased significantly in U.S. police departments. However, African America, Hispanic American, and other minorities are still seriously underrepresented in U.S. police departments.
By this, he employed his first principle that the “basic mission for which the police exist is to prevent crime and disorder.” In this, Sir Robert Peel instituted a force that served as uniformed police called “Bobbies” or “Beats.” This form of policing is well-known today and has had a significant impact on American policing. Law enforcement agencies still practice the use of “Bobbies” and “Beats” but now refer to this method as police patrolling with the goal of preventing crime, getting to know the community, and establishing the trust and safety of the public (Siegel, 4th Ed). This brought about the next two principles, established by Peel, which stated (2) “the ability of the police to perform their duties was dependent upon the public approval of police actions. (3) Police must secure the willing co-operation of the public in voluntary observation of the law to be able to secure and maintain the respect of the public.” This laid a serious impact on American policing and its history; society today, as in the past, dealt with the importance of diversity and the need for police to comprehend the different cultures, races, and religions that scattered the communities in which they patrolled. Police were expected to participate a multicultural training and education that prepared them for these situations. Peel believed that if the police could understand
CTPED or Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design is defined as “The prevention strategy which outlines how the physical environments can be designed in order to lessen the opportunity for crime.” (Queensland Police Department.) CPTED not only is defined by this definition, but it focuses on four more characteristics that help to make this design work effectively, and smoothly. These four characteristics are: maximizing the risk that offenders face, maximizing the effort required by offenders to commit crimes, minimizing the benefits that offenders can gain from committing crimes, and finally minimizing the excuses for opportunities toward offenders. COP is defined as “Community policing is a philosophy that promotes organizational strategies, which support the systematic use of partnerships and problem solving techniques, to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues, such as crime, social disorder, and fear of crime.” (Community Policing Defined." Community Policing Dispatch). CPTED and COP are methods that promote strong communities to deter crime, and provide the community with alternatives to stop crime from ever happening in the first place. As well as these definitions, the strategies of COP, and CPTED, these strategies are based off of the broken windows theory. The broken windows theory is the theory that states once criminals see an area that is under-patrolled, they will commit more crimes
The focus of this paper will be based upon different crime prevention strategies implemented by members of the communities, local and government authorities.