Crime and Deviance

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What causes crime and deviance in society, biological or social factors? Definitions of crime and deviance would change according to time, place, situation and culture, as what is acceptable in one would be unacceptable in another. Crime would entail the breaking of the law according to time and place, deviance would be an action that is unacceptable to the majority within the time and place, but both can alter during time, place, culture and social norms including religion. One example of crime would be where a person has broken the law of the land, and has to be tried by a court of law in order to be punished accordingly. In Britain murder would merit a life imprisonment, but in other parts of the world it could merit a different…show more content…
However some supporting research has been proposed by Sheldon and Glueck (1956) who considered there was a causal link between physiology of human form and delinquent behaviour. Arguing a physical build of stocky, rounded individuals (a mesomorph) were more aggressive and active than other physical body types, making them prone to commit crimes. Further evidence supporting this theory was proposed in the 1960`s by criminologists believing they had found a scientific theory for crime in a genetic chromosome abnormality. (Haralambos and Holborn 2004). It is chromosomes that transmit inherited characteristics from parents to children. Females have two X chromosomes and males have X and Y. During this research it was found among males, in high security prisons with psychiatric problems that they had an abnormally high incidence of the XYY chromosome. Therefore this could be unrepresentative as there is no mention of testing for the greater population of men. As this research only includes male prisoners with known psychiatric problems, this sample does not include a wide variety of people and cannot be generalised. However in having a low level I Q, this would cause an inequality which would start at an early age integrating in to social aspects such as education and would follow into adult life. Unable to relate to their peers and live within acceptable norms, making them vulnerable and open to

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