Crime and the Criminal Justice System

1111 Words Aug 21st, 2012 5 Pages
Crime and the Criminal Justice System
The criminal justice system and the process have molded the laws of the United States to its current existence. The judicial system is designed to punish those who commit crimes against one another and for those who break the laws in other ways. According to Pearson (2012), crime can be defined as conduct in violation of the state, the federal government, or a local jurisdiction for which there is no legally acceptable justification or excuse. Pearson (2012) also states, that “crime” depends on where you are, which means it is a daily routine for society and directly affects a person, place, and any witnesses associated with it. The American criminal justice system has many elements with crime as the
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If he or she is found guilty, sentencing occurs at which time the Judge will impose the sentencing guidelines. After sentencing, the last component gets introduced which is corrections. The correctional system involves more than prisons. Not everyone sentenced receives a jail or prison term. The main difference between jails and prisons is that jails are short-term facilities that operate on a local level where defendants are placed while awaiting trial, sentencing or both and for those serving less than a one-year sentence. Prisons are only used to house the defendant when sentenced to incarceration for periods of longer than one-year (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2012). The corrections system also encompasses the departments of parole and probation. The probation department oversees those sentenced to house arrest or probation. Probation officers check to make sure that their clients are abiding by the court’s orders such as staying clean or obtaining employment. If a person violates probation, he or she can be sent to jail. Parole officers deal specifically with those released from prison or jail. Their job is similar to that of a probation officer in which the offenders are abiding by the rules imposed after release. Similar to probation, if a person violates the condition of his or her parole, he or she can be sent back to prison. In conclusion, the criminal justice system and its interworking are what
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