Criminal Evidence Essay

1536 WordsMay 26, 20117 Pages
1. Identify several sources of rights. Rights are legal, social, or ethical principles of freedom or entitlement; that is, rights are the fundamental normative rules about what is allowed of people or owed to people. There are many types of rights in our society. In addition to the Constitution, court decisions and statutes are important sources of rights, and so are state constitutions. The Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure sometimes shed light on and clarify important rulings handed down by the U.S. Supreme Court. Additionally, the Federal Rules set forth the criminal procedure guidelines that federal criminal justice practitioners are required to abide by. 2. What is the incorporation controversy? The Fourteenth Amendment’s…show more content…
These courts are often known as "circuit courts". Eleven of the twelve circuit courts handle cases from different states. The Federal District Courts consist of 94 judicial districts across the country, including judicial districts in the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, and Guam. 7. How does a case arrive at the U.S. Supreme Court? In order to have a case heard by the Supreme Court, a person must file a "petition for a writ of certiorari," asking the Court to review a case and issue an order, called a writ of certiorari, to the lower appellate court requesting the relevant files and transcripts be sent to the Supreme Court. State-level cases can arrive at the Supreme Court if they raise a federal question, which is usually a question concerning the U.S. Constitution. The same rule applies to cases moving up through the federal courts. The U.S. Supreme Court decides whether it wants to hear the case. The party seeking a decision by the U.S. Supreme Court must file documents with the Court, asking to be heard. If the Supreme Court agrees the case is worth deciding, it issues what is known as a writ of certiorari. Four of the nine U.S. Supreme Court justices must agree to hear a case before a writ of certiorari will be issued. This is known as the rule of four. 8. Distinguish between a bright-line decision and case-by-case adjudication. A bright line decision is one
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