Criminal Justice Issues

1477 Words6 Pages
Alcohol and other drug use are associated with a wide array of other public health problems. It is the leading preventable cause of birth defects in the United States, whereas fetal exposures to maternal illegal drug consumption are a serious and a growing concern. The use of injection to administer illegal drug has become a significant factor in the spread of Aids while alcohol use increases the likelihood of unsafe sexual practices, thus contributing to the spread of HIV/Aids. Much more, it has an enormous impact on the criminal justice system in the country-America. According to Keck, ‘‘a survey suggests that about 35% of those committing crimes are mostly under the influence of the concepts-(alcohol and drug use), (2003). Having said that,…show more content…
And this included the cost of treatment, medical care, and criminal justice versus prevention. Harwood, Fountain and Livermore (1994-1999) made it clear in the economic costs of alcohol and drug abuse in the United States that, nearly two-thirds of drug issues costs are related to crime and criminal justice, with only one-third of the costs related to health. Additionally, core health-related costs account for more than 90%, and this is (costs) associated with alcohol problems (p. 631-635). In other words, the issue with alcohol result in over three times more core health costs than illegal drug issues ($135.2 billion as compared to $40.5 billion), and the bulk of economic costs is $57.1 billion, also associated with illegal drugs, which are a direct result of criminal justice response to the problems (Sctchfield,…show more content…
This is how? Families in the States of America are viewed as the basic source of strength, providing nurturance as well as the support for its individual members while ensuring stability and generational continuity for the community versus its culture. The sense of rapid social, economic and political change turns to affect the family and reduces their sense of the relationship between people, groups, and even places. According to research, stability of relationships, expectations, as well as the environment which is a very powerful force that helps people to manage their lives, most especially the young adults and the children. Having said that, classical issues of balancing discipline and control of children with the support, which encourages them to explore and understand the world may be complicated by abusing the use of alcohol and drugs as well as a wide range of other conditions (unodc.org). In other words, family experience with and parental attitudes towards alcohol and other drug use affect a child’s likelihood of developing alcohol and other drug problems. Also, the act of poor management, lack of family bonding, poor monitoring of a child’s behavior and that of physical abuse and or neglect are possible risk factors that allowed or give room for
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