Criminal Justice Systems Paper

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Criminal Justice System Paper The criminal justice system and the criminal justice process has shaped the laws of this country into what they are today from the concerns of politicians and government leaders as far back as the 1800s with crime control. Basically, the criminal justice system was designed to ensure the safety of individuals whom are citizens of this country. Essentially, the criminal justice system is “the structural basis used to maintain social control” (Education Decisions, 2010). The criminal justice system has many components that work together to provide justice for criminals and victims of crimes. This enables violators of the law to be prosecuted in a fair trial. The legal definition of a crime is a wrong doing…show more content…
An example of a felony committed would be an individual convicted of murder, rape, robbery, or larceny. Misdemeanors are criminal offenses that are less serious than felonies and are generally punishable by fines, jail terms of up to a year, or both. (West’s Encyclopedia, 2010). An example of a misdemeanor would be for an individual to be convicted of a traffic violation or jaywalking. Infractions are the least serious of crimes. Infractions are not punishable by imprisonment. “A person charged with an infraction is not entitled to a trial by jury” (California Penal Code, 2010). Instead, infractions are punishable by monetary fines or restitution amounts. An example of an infraction would be an individual given a speeding ticket or a ticket for running a red light. As one can see, the criminal justice system and the laws set in place are about maintaining social order and control.
Components of the Criminal Justice System The criminal justice system consists of various components of law enforcement agencies. Such law enforcement agencies include local police departments, criminal courts, and correctional facilities. The duties of a local police department should include enforcing the law, investigating crimes, apprehending offenders, serving and protecting individuals, and maintaining public order. Identifying various functions that are done within the criminal court(s) systems are to
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