Essay on Criminal Justice: The Goals of Sentencing

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Sentencing is the imposition of a criminal sanction by a sentencing authority , such as a judge. Schmallger & Smykla, 2009, pg# 71) There are seven goals of sentencing including revenge, retribution, just deserts, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation and restoration. Revenge refers to a retaliation to some kind of assault and injury. Revenge can be a type of punishment for the criminal justice system. The jury, sometimes, basis there choices on emotions, facts and evidence. It is considered revenge in some cases because the victim's looks at it that way when they feel justice has been served. Retribution is a type of sentencing involving another form of retaliation. Retribution means "paying back" the offender for what he or she has …show more content…
The offender must have some type of punishment for the action he or she chose. Deterrence is a type of sentencing that prevent future actions of crimes. There is a general deterrence and specific deterrence. Specific deterrence is punishment that prevents the criminal to commit additional crimes by enforcing fear. "Back in the day", depending on the crime, the criminals would get parts of their body removed. For example, rapist were castrated. General deterrence is when examples are shown to prevent someone, that is contemplating on committing crimes, to change their minds. Sometime's when a person is put in jail it does not change their criminal minds. Incapacitation involves imprisonment for offenders who commit crimes to prevent the possibilities of future offenses. (Schmalleger & Smykla, 2009, pg# 74) Incapacitation has reduced the crime rate considerably. Some offenders get out on bail or bond, serve the minimum of the sentence and out on parole or probation. Offenders realize that is getting more and more expensive to cover up their crime. Therefore, they are expecting to be caught. Rehabilitation or reformation is another form of sentencing. Rehabilitation is a process of treatment for offenders to get them back on track. It gets to the core of why the offender acted this way. Restoration is a process that makes the victim, offender and society go back to their original conditions. Victims will be