Criminal Law Reduce Non Compliance

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The criminal law system encourages compliance and reduces non-compliance through an array of mechanisms, including situational and social crime prevention along with increasing police powers under the Law Enforcement (Powers and Responsibilities) Amendment Act 2014 (LEPRA). The criminal law appears to be relatively effective in decreasing non-compliance, as the majority of people are law-abiding citizens as they enjoy the liberties and protection that a disciplined society provides. Criminal law may further encourage compliance by punishing violations of the law on behalf of society where individuals fail to comply. However, regardless of the criminal law’s efforts in reducing non-compliance, continuous defilements of the law occur frequently, causing the community to question the effectiveness of the criminal law in encouraging compliance and reducing non-compliance.

To effectively reduce non-compliance, the criminal law must combat the underlying causes of crime, which can be complex. Some may commit crime due to psychological factors, such as mental illness, as demonstrated in the case of R v. Porter in 1936. Others commit crime due to social factors that influence their behaviour. For example, a disjointed family life along with dysfunctional relationships can provoke one to commit crime as one’s perspectives of appropriate behaviour may be distorted. Statistics revealed by the Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC) have found the fundamental foundation for
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