Criminal Procedure Policy Paper

896 WordsFeb 23, 20134 Pages
Criminal Procedure Policy James Knight CJA/364 October 17, 2012 David Klein * * Criminal Procedure Policy * The criminal procedure policy is initiated with a crime committed by a perpetrator. This process for the criminal can end at any of the various steps of the criminal process. As a criminal is process the individual has rights that are provided by the United States Constitution to ensure fairness and justice. The two major procedural models that shape the criminal justice systems today are due process and crime control models. The justice system has used these models for over two decades. The United States Constitution with due process and crime control models has forged the criminal justice processes that…show more content…
Factually, the due process mission of this model is protecting guiltless individuals from wrongful prosecution within the system. The Fourteenth Amendment incorporate the Bill of Rights that supports the Due process model set by the framers of the Constitution (Bill of Rights, 1868). Crime Control Model The crime control model tends to focus on the emphasis the reduction of crime thru by the increasing of prosecution and police powers. Political persons argue that by using the crime control model measure to combat crime better service the community, “better that a few suffer for the great good of the whole.” The crime control model of criminal justice stresses deterrence through use of harsh sanctions. According to control model, when the criminal justice system operates proficiently, suspected criminals are deterred from committing crimes, and those who do commit illegal acts are apprehended, tried, and punished so that the act is supposedly never repeated against a community or society. Supporters of the crime control model believe that it ultimately punishes and removes more criminals effectively. With considerations of United States Constitution, the Amendments and Bill of Rights that these documents primarily protect, and defend the rights of every citizen of the United States. Many law enforcement officials state that the Fourth,
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