Criminal Punishment And Its Effects On Society

1890 Words Sep 5th, 2014 8 Pages
Corrections Criminal punishment focuses on four different purposes, which are “incapacitation, deterrence, retribution and rehabilitation” (Rome, 2013, p. 269). The concept of incapacitation is the idea that criminal offenders are kept from further committing criminal acts while securely kept in jail/prison. Deterrence is based off of the idea that by others in society seeing criminals punished and put in prison for committing crimes, the chances of others committing crimes are decreased. Retribution is the idea that society will be satisfied by the fact criminals are punished by being locked in prison. Finally, rehabilitation focuses on re socializing criminals to become productive members of society. Though criticisms have been made towards the use of rehabilitation, evidence based research suggests that new rehabilitative strategies can reduce recidivism. New rehabilitative strategies include intensive therapeutic interventions that “provide rewards for pro-social behavior, and match the abilities and learning styles of the offender” (Rome, 2013, p. 269).
Factors such as the severity of the offense, the offender’s prior criminal record, the use of violence or weapons, and whether the crime was committed for monetary gain are considered when the type of sentence given to a criminal is examined. Additionally, subjective factors such as race, age, gender, and class also affect the type of sentence that is given. Depending upon a criminal’s age, he/she could…
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