Criminological Theories Help Professionals Better Understand Why Individuals Commit Crimes

1375 Words Mar 27th, 2016 6 Pages
Criminological theories help professionals better understand why individuals commit crimes. The hope is that by gaining a better understanding of why people commit crimes, we can help prevent them better in the future. Currently, there are several different theories that individuals have claimed to be the reason for criminal behavior. Some of those theories include classical, neoclassical, biological, sociological, psychological, social, choice or strain. Each theory, while sometimes intertwined with another, focuses on different aspects that the supporters of it believe are the main causations for crime. The psychological theory of crime is discussed by Criminal-Justice (N.D.) in the article “Psychological Theories of Crime”. According to them, the psychological theory of crime focuses on association among intelligence, personality, learning, and criminal behavior. (Criminal-Justice, N.D.). Within the psychological theory of crime, there are several sub-categories of theory that all focus on explaining criminal behavior: psychodynamic, cognitive theory, behavioral theory, personality and intelligence. (Criminal-Justice, N.D.). For the purposes of this essay, we will be focusing on the psychodynamic, cognitive, and behavioral theories within the psychological theory category. Psychodynamic theory is essentially the notion that negative early childhood occurrences profoundly increase the chances of an individual committing crime in the future. This theory…
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