Criminology And The Criminal Justice System

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As it pertains to the last ten years, Criminology and its relevance to the criminal justice system has been taught internationally to a number of students seeking employment within the criminal justice field. Criminology (as a whole) is a comprehensive study of criminal behavior, crime as a social matter, and criminal conduct. This is best explained in Stout’s book titled Applied Criminology when it is stated that “Different criminological theories emerge from different contexts, are shaped by different forces and, therefore, have very different implications if applied” (Stout, 2007, p.2). The most important takeaway from the study of how Applied Criminology is taught (and learned) is that it extends far beyond the mere application of criminological theories and teachings. It concerns itself with the evolution of its own field and sub-fields, as well as the entire ecosystem of related topics. In this way, Criminology takes on a sort of recursive nature in it that it teaches about its own field while being the field itself. Criminology seeks to provide theories that explain why individuals and groups of individuals commit crimes, in an attempt to effectively understand and deal with crime. There are overlapping questions concerning crime prevention, and the implementation of criminological theories focuses on providing explanations to criminal phenomenon. A theory is a set of concepts that are related or linked together by a series of explanations to a phenomenon. These
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