Criminology : Crime And Crime

1410 Words Mar 31st, 2016 6 Pages
Criminology is defined by the book Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction, which was written by author Dr. Frank Schmalleger, Ph.D., as “the scientific study of the causes and prevention of crime and the rehabilitation and punishment of offenders” (Schmalleger, 2006, p. 20). People look at criminology in a big concept of criminal prevention but criminology in itself carries a wide variety of functions in treating crime and providing punishment to those who commit crimes. Crime increases when the population increases, which means the more populated and situated the place is the more crime effective the place maybe. Although crime is relevant towards the people and the place and environment, the number of people in a place does play a significance in the role of crime percentages. In this day and age the percentage in crime has been increasing and police officers are looking for new ways to solve, prevent and deter crime. The criminal justice systems offers different ranges of responsibilities in the prevention of crime and the ever increasing number and percentage in crime is not helping the police officers in the criminal justice system. New laws are brought in to the system which means the citizens and the police officers have to adapt to how the new system works.
In the old Western times, when cowboys and gunslingers used to roam the country with their horses, crime was hard to detect due to the lack of proper law enforcing. Many people died with their bodies lost within…
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