Criminology : Criminal Behavior And Society Essay

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Criminology is the scientific approach to the study of criminal behavior and society’s reactions to law violations and violators; the science that studies the crimes, the perpetrators, the victims, the origin, extent and nature of law breaking behavior, the types of criminal conduct and the possible forms of control and prevention. It is a discipline both theoretical and empirical, both descriptive and explanatory, both regulatory and factual. Criminology has a rich history with roots in the utilitarian philosophy of Beccaria, the biological positivism of Lambroso, the societal theory of Durkenheim, and the political philosophy of Marx.
According to Siegel, criminological theories are important in understanding criminality. Examining why people commit crime is very important in the ongoing debate of how crime should be handled and prevented. Many theories come forth over the years, and they continue to be explored, individually and in combination, as criminologists seek the best solutions in ultimately reducing the types and levels of crime. The theories of criminology have emphasis on the research of causes or reasons for the crime, and from time to time have significant issues to discuss about the persons in the system of criminal justice, for instance, law enforcement, casualties, correctional personnel and legal representatives. (Siegel, 2010)
There are various theories of criminology which have been explained by different criminologists as to the causes of the crimes.
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