Criminology : Criminal Justice System

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Criminology Defined:
An In Depth Look Of The Criminal Justice System In The U.S.
Criminology, as defined by the book Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction, written by the author Dr. Frank Schmalleger, Ph.D., is “the scientific study of the causes and prevention of crime and the rehabilitation and punishment of offenders” (Schmalleger, 2006, p. 20). Criminology, in itself, has a wide variety of function in treating crime and providing punishment to those who commit the crimes here in the U.S. Since crime increases with the population growth, more policies are being given to law makers, which changes the perspective in how the Criminal Justice system works. Due to the increase in crimes, new laws are made to help reduce the crimes in order to minimize the threat of increasing the crimes that are being committed. The Criminal Justice system offers a wide area of responsibilities that houses different types of functions which helps in the fulfillment of accomplishing the tasks needed for a better, well organized running of the Criminal Justice system.
In the old Western times, when cowboys and gunslingers used to roam the country with their horses, crime was hard to detect due to the lack of proper law enforcing. Many people died with their bodies lost within time, criminals roam free, and people were suffering from high crime rates as there was no enforcing that was done during those early days. Even though policing has existed throughout history, from the Roman era of
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