Criminology : The Scientific Approach For Studying Criminal Behavior

2658 Words Jun 30th, 2015 11 Pages
Criminology is “the scientific approach to studying criminal behavior.” (Siegel, 2013). Criminologists study everything related to crime, ranging from the pure definition to how it is researched to all of the elements.
The United States Department of Justice, specifically the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), have two different programs that are used to measure how bad crimes are, why they are committed and how much they impact the nation. These two programs are the Uniform Crime Reporting Program (UCR) and the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). There is also a third program that is used in addition to these, which is the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). The National Incident-Based Reporting System is an incident reporting system that is used by the law enforcement agencies in the US for collecting and reporting data on every single crime committed. Local, state and federal agencies all use this system and generate the data from their record management systems. The NIBRS has two different group offenses (A & B). Group A has 22 offense categories that are made up of 46 different crimes. Group B has 11 different offense categories, but only the arrest data is reported. (FBI.gov). The Uniform Crime Reporting Program is where all law enforcement agencies, criminal justice students, researchers, news reporters and the public look for information about crime in the United States. The International Association of Chiefs of Police created this…
Open Document