Criminology Theories and Capital Crimes

1182 WordsJan 31, 20185 Pages
Criminology Theories and Capital Crimes: As part of the distinct aspects of criminal justice policy, the different criminology theories have significant impacts on the criminal justice system. The different theories of crime are used to explain criminal justice policy and the criminal justice system. These theories were developed by different people in attempts to explain criminal justice. In addition, criminological theories assist is shaping the society's reaction to offense in relation to preventing criminal behavior and reaction to it after it takes place. One of the major reasons for the development of these theories by criminologists is to explain why crimes occur through observing criminal behavior. Since the beginning of the 20th Century, the theories of crime have become increasingly multidisciplinary since they span across different fields of study. This trend is attributed to attempts by independent criminologists to understand crime itself instead of examining it as general psychological or sociological theory (Lynch, n.d.). Classical, Routine Activity, and Rational Choice Theories: The classical theory of crime was introduced by legal authorities in Europe who believed that criminal behavior or crime itself was a product of supernatural forces. This school of thought basically revolves around evolving from a capital punishment perspective to more humane means of punishing criminals. Therefore, decisions to break the law in classical criminology are evaluated
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