Dingman, R. L., & Ginter, E. J. (1995). Disasters and crises: The role of mental health counseling. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 17(3), 259. Accessed online: http://www.scientificreply.com/the-effects-of-trauma-on-clients-and-counselors.html
A Comparison of Two Crisis Intervention Models (Literature Review) The ACT Model The Assessment Crisis Intervention Trauma Treatment (ACT) model was developed by Albert Roberts after the September 11th terrorist attacks. The way it works is mental health professionals, will follow a series of seven steps when responding to a crisis. The most notable include: assess the danger, establish psychological conduct, identify major problems, encourage the exploration of feelings, examine alternative strategies, implementing the plan and following up. The combination of these factors is designed to provide everyone with tools to effectively address the crisis. (Roberts, 2005)
Crisis intervention is a method that uses concepts of crisis theory as a framework to aid in understanding a client’s experiences and to provide a worker with steps to follow when supporting a client in a crisis (Roberts & Ottens 2005, p. 331).
These workers can assist an individual or group in crisis by providing direct intervention, by identifying alternative coping skills, or by consulting with others. A helper's primary goals in a crisis are to identify, assess, and intervene; to return the individual to his/her prior level of functioning as quickly as possible; and to lessen any negative impact on future mental health. Sometimes during this process, new skills and coping mechanisms are acquired, resulting in change (Sandoval, 1988).
Cognitive Behavioral Approach My preferred theoretical orientation is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). The main assumption of CBT is that events and situations in life do not cause emotional problems (e.g., guilt or depression); rather problems are due to irrational beliefs and perceptions about the situations (Corey, 2009). The goals of CBT focus on correcting the client’s automatic and self-defeating thoughts, which should ultimately help them to develop a more adaptive philosophy of life (Corey, 2009). I like that this approach focuses on challenging and changing the client’s cognitive distortions, core beliefs, automatic thoughts, and schemas. Another positive aspect is that this approach focuses on the cognitive triad,
The scope of Crisis Intervention Teams (CIT) is limited due to the newness of this model being implemented in different police departments across the country. The CIT model is being implemented in over 400 programs with different aspects taken from the original model. (Draine,J.,Ottati,V.,Schaefer,M.Watson,A.2008)Focusing on the how police officers deal with the mentally ill, and the spread of the police based CIT programs.
TEST QUESTIONS UNIT 1 chapters 1-4 1. Successful crisis work may be described as a. enhancing the crisis worker's life. b. successfully resolving long-standing trauma. c. becoming multi-culturally aware. d. generating in the client a long-term resiliency to ward off future crisis. Answer: a 2. Of the following components of basic crisis theory, which does not apply? a. Basic crisis theory is equivalent to brief therapy. b. Crisis is a state where ordinary behaviors can't overcome the problem. c. The problem is viewed as intolerable. d. Emotional disequilibrium is always experienced. Answer: a 3. If a crisis worker hoped that the client would gain insight from some earlier childhood experience to help solve the
To be honest, I have had no formal training in counseling. In fact, because of an unproductive experience in a psychology class in college, I have not been looking forward to attending class. I was content with just using common sense, and personal experiences to assist parishioners in coping with specific situations affecting their lives. I knew God had prepared me for my job as pastor, but when I read Webb’s book, “Crisis Counseling in the Congregation”, I realized that this book would prove useful in facilitating me in becoming a better counselor. When I was assigned to Rivers Chapel as a pastor, I used strategies I had learned, in the classroom, and on my previous jobs in counseling, which were common sense and life experiences. But now, after reading “Crisis Counseling in the Congregation”, I can perceive where common sense and personal experience would have been more productive if I had had a better understanding of the techniques Webb introduced in his basis toolbox. After reading Webb’s book, I know I can be a better counselor for my parishioners, their families, and my own family.
Vicki’s co-workers credit her with being helpful and knowledgeable. Vick’s co-workers are able to count on her to talk through a difficult situation with a Client. Working on the Crisis Line can be a challenging because calls are unpredictable. Crisis Line staff work closely together to help clients who are in crisis situations. However, there is not a set formula that works for every client who calls. Vicki is able to problem solve to develop the best course of action to help clients who are dealing with a crisis. Vicki is also able to be supportive to her co-workers during a crisis situation with a client to work together to determine the appropriate intervention.
Step one is defining the problem. This means that you need to see the current crisis the way that the client is seeing it right now. In this step you need to employ what is known as core listening skills, being empathetic, being genuine and showing acceptance or positive regard for their situation.(James, 2004)
References CourseMate. (n.d.). Scenario 12: Alcoholic in denial. Retrieved from http://coursemate.cengage.com/CPReader/View/9780840064462/default.aspx?integrationType=standard&eISBN=9780840064462&deploymentID=5749224837884315526044120&courseKey=5749224837884315526044120-48714585#6c02feb8-6658-4595-936b-4b7975dd79cb James, R. K., & Gilliland, B. E. (2013). Crisis intervention strategies (7th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning
As a result of applying appropriate theory the organisation and structure of social work practice may be enhanced (Howe 1999:104). Social workers use theory to inform practice and provide a sense of direction and guidance in their professional engagement with service users "An alternative way of using theories to help in
Furthermore, I would like to describe various therapies and the ways in which they are useful. To stabilize the individual and help them to achieve mastery over the situation crisis intervention is used (Caplan 1964). Techniques in crisis intervention includes: to provide an understanding that the crisis and psychological responses are linked, mobilizing social support, ventilation of feelings, exploration and promotion of alternative coping styles, promoting and planning for future difficulties. Immediate intervention should also address distorted perceptions of what has happened, aim to alleviate feelings to guilt and self-blame (Mezey 1997) and address immediate help for safety and medical attention
It is critical to identify the client’s perception of the event in order to help them. This is what will tell you what the problem at hand truly is. By doing so, the counselor can help the client identify the problem and overcome their issues. I like to use the Cognitive Tree as a metaphor rather than as a guideline of sorts. You need to get to the root of the problem in order to determine how to fix it. If your roots are healthy, your branches will blossom. But if your roots are damaged and aren’t dealt with in a constructive and healthy manner, your branches will wither and perish.
Introduction In this assignment I shall be defining the topic surrounding crisis throughout the field of mental health. I will be attempting to do this by using a various range of literature and theories of that can help us create a greater understanding and knowledge base of what a crisis is, why it occurs and how we can potentially prevent a crisis from occurring. I shall then be discussing how I would engage those individuals that are in crisis, exploring the engagement process and showing the skills that are necessary to provide support to the person in crisis. I will then be discussing what challenges we meet as both professionals and the individual that is in crisis and what tools and strategies are placed in order to conquer these