Criterion A Essay

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Deliberate and repeated self-injuries are so common among adolescents that researchers have come to treat this phenomenon as a disorder—one that originates during adolescence. The DSM-V classification lists it as an independent nosological entity which takes on the form of deliberate self-mutilating without suicidal intentions (Nonsuicidal Self-Injury, NNSI). To better characterize their specific nature, six criteria have been distinguished. Criterion A refers to a specific frequency of self-destructive behaviors—for the disorder to be diagnosed, an individual must have engaged in deliberate self-injury (without suicidal intentions) on at least five days over the past year. Criterion B catalogs several effects of self-injury, at least one of…show more content…
Thinking of self-injuries as of a readily available way to free oneself from the pressure of intolerably negative emotions is enough to give a sense of security and ease one's anxiety (Babiker, Arnold, 2003). Criterion D describes self-directed aggression as a set of behaviors that lie beyond what society deems acceptable (as opposed to tattoos, body piercing, modifying one's body due to cultural or religious reasons). As a result, an individual experiences suffering or disruption in their interpersonal relationships or other important life areas (criterion E). The DSM-V's criterion F narrows the scope of deliberate self-injuries by excluding acts of self-mutilation that result from intoxication, withdrawal symptoms, psychotic episodes, trichotillomania, or stereotypical self-harm (in the case of autism spectrum disorders, low intellectual functioning, or Lesch-Nyhan
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