Critical Analysis of Depression

1917 WordsOct 3, 20128 Pages
Exploration of Depression: A Critical Analysis of Attachment Strategies Simone M. Maschler Victorian University Word Count 1600 (excluding references) Abstract Currently attachment theory is widely used to understand adult interpersonal and intrapersonal relationships such as depression. According to this theory and substantial body of evidence pessimistic thinking originates from early childhood attachment strategies, and has a major role in depression. As an adult according to the theory, negative cognitive schemas originate from primed attachment style, which both within a contextual environment will activate and lead to a depressive episode. In reviewing this relationship, interventions and prevention in cognitive…show more content…
Sloman et al (2002) similarly found attachments’ could form a common vulnerability among those who were not securely attached; with being trapped in a low socially rewarding environment a precursor to depression. Simpson et al. (2007) research study is significant as it suggests childhood attachment affects adult social competence and perception in relation to pessimism. This longitudinal study is impressive in duration (conducted over 20 years) giving a comprehensive perspective. One confine of the study was that the life-history data was collected based on only one partner in each romantic relationship. Investigating romantic relationships accounting for early attachment of both partners would have illustrated a more comprehensive statement about depression and pessimism. Depression has been associated with pessimistic biases (Strunk and Adler, 2009) and Strunk and Adler (2009) used cognitive performance to test the assumption that depressed individuals have inaccurate, negative biases. Three cognitive tasks were used to measure biases; predicting future life events, predicting ratings of personal characteristics made by a significant other and predicting performance on a test reflecting IQ. Consistent with the cognitive model of depression, participants with ‘more depressive symptoms’ reported stronger pessimistic bias across all three tasks in contrast with the sample of ‘low depressive symptoms’ participants. Strunk and Adler
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